I hesitated to comment because I have no first-hand experience in being a woman, so what the hell can I add? I thank the HT women for replying. I do believe that women face a bias based on stereotypes built up over the years, and across all areas. I'm sure that once you encounter that bias, you are on the lookout for it even more. Maybe you might misidentify a case - an a-hole is sometimes just an a-hole to everybody- but I am also sure you get a good feel for the subtleties in the attitudes of people. I am also sure that if you someone shows that bias in the field, they show the same bias at their home and at work. It is an ingrained feature in their life. Unfortunately, a lot of it stems from differences between the sexes. Men tend to be more aggressive and move toward a strategy of intimidation. Women tend to be more willing to listen and talk stuff out. I have never felt at risk or intimidated in the field. As I try to raise my daughter, I try to get her to be brave and stand up for herself, while acknowledging a lot of the obstacles she will face and how some will make difficult for her. But I don't believe in making excuses. I won't make excuses for the sexist a-holes, and I don't want her to make excuses for things that might be obstacles. We will see in 20yrs if that worked.